Alhama de Granada is a town in the province of Granada, approx. 50 km from the city of Granada. In 1482, the fortress town was taken from the Moorish Sultanate and Kingdom of Granada by the Catholic Monarchs.
Ahama’s position between Málaga and Granada gave it strategic importance for the Moors but they also had a particular fondness for the town and its thermal waters. At a convenient distance from the town centre, nestling in a poplar grove lining down the banks of the river (also known as Merchan), you will find a hot springs. Prehistoric remains found in the neighbourhood show the antiquity of the human settlements.
There is also clear evidence of the way Romans used the waters. In the 15th century, the Arabs consolidated the town next to these hot springs and it was believed that they built the thermal baths there, but the real origin of those baths is Roman as is proved in the book by Salvador Raya Retamero, a local historian, in his book "Reseña histórica de los baños termales de la muy noble y leal ciudad de Alhama de Granada" (Brief history of the hot springs of the most noble and loyal city of Alhama de Granada). A short interview with the author explains the details. The strategic influence of Alhama de Granada made the fall, in 1492, of the Arab empire vital for the conquest of the Kingdom of Granada, which led to the beginning of a flourishing age, because of the patronage of the Catholic Monarchs. The bath house in the Almohade style of the 12th century that is preserved in the SPA is a good example of Arab baths’ construction.
Alhama looks out over some of Spain's most spectacular scenery. In winter, the view to the majestic snow-capped Sierra Nevada is uninterrupted. Close by is the vast and beautiful Bermejales lake, 12 km from town and reached by a road lined with poplars and Mediterranean black pines. There are sandy beaches, safe swimming and plenty of non-motorised water sports. There are also a couple of cafes at the edge of the lake. Many of the local population spend evenings and weekends barbecuing at the water's edge; it is a great location.
There are many quaint bars in Alhama which serve "cafés" and "tostadas" in the morning, lunch in the late afternoon, and tapas in the evening..
Yunquera is a town and municipality in the province of Málaga, part of the autonomous community of Andalucía in southern Spain. It is located in the east of the province. The municipality is situated approximately 36 kilometres from Ronda and 63 from the provincial capital of Málaga. It has a population of approximately 3300 residents. The natives are called Yunqueranos.
Yunquera is a traditional Spanish town with beautiful scenery and a relaxed atmosphere. While it is becoming more and more of a tourist spot, this quiet little town remains shrouded in history and totally self-reliant. The temperature in winter can drop to below 20 °C, and summers are easily in the high 40s in the shade. It is also the most elevated town in the province of Malaga.
The small town of Alora is situated 40 kms north of Málaga by the road to Antequera and just 12 km south of El Chorro. From a distance, it is a typical pueblo blanco; a whitewashed village nestled between three rocky spurs topped by the ruins of a magnificent castle which has an interesting history. Alora's castle was first built by the Phoenicians and subsequently expanded under Roman rule. In the 5th century the castle was virtually destroyed by the Visigoths, only to be rebuilt under the Moors; remnants of this era still remain, namely the decorative steel door and the traditional Arab mirador.
Escoznar is a town and village Spanish belonging to the municipality of Íllora, in the province of Granada, in the autonomous community of Andalusia. It is located in the Southeast part of the province of Loja.
According to the National Institute of statistics of Spain, in the year 2012 Escoznar was 943 inhabitants, of which 474 were women and 469 men.
Colmenar is a lovely village nestled in the northern part of the Málaga mountains (Montes de Málaga) right on the edge of both the Axarquía and the municipality of Antequera. The area where the village is located has a rather ancient history thanks to the fact that it is on the route that links the Axarquía and the Guadalhorce Valley. However, the village itself could be classified as one of Andalucia’s "younger" pueblos as it wasn’t actually established until after the Christian King’s conquest and it didn’t become an independent township until 1777.
In fact, Colmenar was actually the name of an estate which produced honey (the Spanish “colmena” means beehive”). Even today you can buy honey made in the Colmenar area along with fresh locally milled flour – both white and whole grain - and also lovely raw and brown sugars. It seems the traditions behind the name "Colmenar" are still alive today.
Colmenar is not only a village, but also a municipality – one of seven municipalities in the Axarquía. The actual town is 700 metres above sea level. It is part of the "Olive Oil and Mountain Route" (Ruta del Aceite y los Montes).
The layout of Colmenar village is typical of Andalusian villages – even though it does not date back to the Moorish era when narrow, winding streets were the norm.
According to legend, the Candelaria Hermitage is a 17th century building that was erected by a group of sailors from the Canary Islands who were miraculously saved by a storm off the Málaga Coast. Supposedly the hermitage was meant to be a public display of their gratitude.
The Asunción Church was built in the 16th century and includes the remains of arab-style architecture.
Algarinejo is a small town located west of Granada; a rural farming town, it is surrounded by a stunning countryside of olive groves and mountains in the Cerro del Calvario.
Its uneven landscape offers a great variety of scenic views. The river Pesquera winds through Algarinejo and feeds the Iznájar reservoir close to the village.
Loja is a town in southern Spain situated at the western limit of the province of Granada. It is surrounded by the Sierra de Loja, of which the highest peak, Sierra Gorda, stands 1,671 metres above sea-level.
It is unknown when Loja was first captured by the Moors, however it is most likely in the 8th century. Its Moorish name was Medina Lawsa, and it was renamed to Loja when it was captured by the Christians in 1486, during the Reconquista. Isabella I of Castile called it the "flower among thorns".
Lucena (pop. c. 42,000) is a town in southern Spain, in the province of Cordoba, in Andalucia. It is located just 60 km southeast of Cordoba City and just 85km North of Malaga. It is the second major city in the province after the provincial capital .
Lucena is situated on the Lucena River, on an important crossroads at the very centre of Andalucia
Over 90 percent of the population lives to the northeast of the city district (término municipal).
In early times Lucena was inhabited almost exclusively by Jews who had arrived together with its founders; hence it was called "Jews' City", a nickname also applied to Granada and Tarragona. The Jews of Lucena, who carried on extensive trade and industries, were, according to the 11th century Moslem geographer, Mohamed al-Edrisi, richer than those of any other city. They enjoyed the same freedom as their coreligionists in the large Muslim cities. Their rabbi, who was elected by the entire community, was granted special privileges and acted as judge in the civil and criminal cases arising in the community. The Jews lived peaceably until the Almoravides came into power.
Archidona is a town and municipality in the province of Malaga part of the autonomous community of Andalucia in southern Spain..
It covers an area of 187 km2 extending from the east side of the Hoya of Antequera. The city is located at a height of 666 meters in the foothills of the Sierra de Gracia. With 8,858 inhabitants, Archidona is the most populous municipality in the comarca. The population is concentrated in the main urban centers of the same name and in Salinas, Estación de Archidona and Huertas del Río. The municipality is situated approximately 50 kilometers from the city of Malaga and 20 km from Antequera.
Torredelcampo is a city located in the province of Jaén, Spain. The village is located 11 km northwest of Jaén, bordering the highway A-316, at 640 meters above sea level . According to the 2006 census (INE), the city has a population of 14,076 inhabitants.
A lovely Andalucian small town with all amenities needed and close by to the bigger city of Jaen.