Montoro is a city and municipality in the Córdoba Province of southern Spain, in the north-central part of theautonomous community of Andalusia.
It is located about 45 kilometres (28 mi) east-northeast of the capital of the province, Córdoba. In 2008, the city had an estimated population of 9,895, with 4,897 men and 4,998 women.
Montoro was known as Epora in Roman times, and became an important Moorish fortress in the Middle Ages.
Antequera is a city and municipality in the province of Málaga, part of the Spanish autonomous community of Andalusia. It is known as "the heart of Andalusia" (el corazón de Andalucía) because of its central location among Málaga, Granada, Córdoba, and Seville. It is noted for two large Bronze Age dolmens.
In 2011 it had 41,854 inhabitants. It covers an area of 749.34 km2 with a population density of 55.85 inhabitants/km2, and is situated at an altitude of 575 meters. Antequera is the most populous city in the interior of the province and the largest in area. It is the twenty-second largest in Spain. The city is located 45 km from Málaga and 115 km from Córdoba. The cities are connected by a high speed train and the A-45 motorway. Antequera is 160 km from Seville and 102 km from Granada, which is connected by motorway A-92 and in the near future, by the high-speed Transverse Axis Rail.
Lucena (pop. c. 42,000) is a town in southern Spain, in the province of Cordoba, in Andalucia. It is located just 60 km southeast of Cordoba City and just 85km North of Malaga. It is the second major city in the province after the provincial capital .
Lucena is situated on the Lucena River, on an important crossroads at the very centre of Andalucia
Over 90 percent of the population lives to the northeast of the city district (término municipal).
In early times Lucena was inhabited almost exclusively by Jews who had arrived together with its founders; hence it was called "Jews' City", a nickname also applied to Granada and Tarragona. The Jews of Lucena, who carried on extensive trade and industries, were, according to the 11th century Moslem geographer, Mohamed al-Edrisi, richer than those of any other city. They enjoyed the same freedom as their coreligionists in the large Muslim cities. Their rabbi, who was elected by the entire community, was granted special privileges and acted as judge in the civil and criminal cases arising in the community. The Jews lived peaceably until the Almoravides came into power.
Rute is a municipality in the province of Córdoba, Spain.
It lies between Iznájar to the South East, and Lucena to the North West. Its primary economy centres around the extensive production of foodstuffs including dozens of different makes of Anis and traditional Spanish hams. Galleros and Flor de Rute both have their factories there, Galleros being famous for its annual "Belen" - the Nativity Scene made from Chocolate, on view from around 15 October each year, and Flor de Rute for their sugarwork which in 2007 included a sugar life sized scene of Picasso amongst other characters.
The olive industry is also key to this area of Spain, along with tourism connected to the above mentioned sites.
Priego de Córdoba is a town and municipality of southern Spain in the extreme southeastern portion of the province of Córdoba, near the headwater of the Guadajoz River, and on the northern slope of the Sierra de Priego. The population in 2008 was 22,558.
The oldest church was built in the 13th century and subsequently restored; it has a fine chapel. There are ruins of an, originally Moorish, castle (currently (2006) under restoration) having been a fortified city of the Moors (with the Hispano-Arabic name Baguh) which was captured by the Christians under Ferdinand III in 1225, lost again in 1327, and finally retaken in 1340 by Alfonso XI.
Some of the best examples of the Spanish Baroque are found in the numerous churches in Priego. The first President of the Second Spanish Republic, Niceto Alcala-Zamora, was from Priego. Priego is a village found on the 'Ruta de la Califata' (trade route of the Califa).
The oldest section of Priego is its Barrio de la Villa. It is bordered on one side by the town's natural fortress, a high cliff. The alleys that wind through this part of the town are Moorish in style, decorated proudly by the populace with flower pots and religious icons. Some homes retain the ancient tunnel system that went from their cellars (bodegas) to the castle.
Its economy is based on agricultural products, mainly olive oil and cereals. The olive oil from Priego has been given its own denominational label. The olive oils have recently garnered many of the most prestigious prizes in international competitions. It's oils are used in the gourmet San Nicasio potato chips.
Iznájar is a large village located in the province of Córdoba in Andalucia, southern Spain.
Located at 37°15′N 4°18′W, it lies on the Genil river approximately 110 km from the provincial capital of Córdoba very close to the borders with both Málaga and Granada provinces at a height of 539 metres above sea level.
The Village itself is situated on top of a huge rocky outcropping overlooking the Embalse de Iznájar, the largest lake in the whole of Andalucía, which is frequented throughout the warm season as a beach.
The principal economic activity of the area is the cultivation of olives although tourism is increasingly becoming an economic factor.
Iznájar is a classic "pueblo blanco", or white village and is surrounded by its "Aldeas" - sub villages including La Celada, El Higueral, Solerche to name but three.
Alcala la Real has a population of approximately 21,000 and is located between Cordoba and Granada however it falls within the Jaen province.
The town has an impressive fortress which looks magnificent when illuminated during the evening. It was a strategic stronghold during medieval times, and subsequently occupied by the Moors in 713. Alcala la real has been the scene of frequent battles between the Moors and the Christians over the years and the presence of both is still apparent around the Town.
Today it is a thriving Town and its weekly market brings people in from surrounding villages in the area.