Antequera is a city and municipality in the province of Málaga, part of the Spanish autonomous community of Andalusia. It is known as "the heart of Andalusia" (el corazón de Andalucía) because of its central location among Málaga, Granada, Córdoba, and Seville. It is noted for two large Bronze Age dolmens.
In 2011 it had 41,854 inhabitants. It covers an area of 749.34 km2 with a population density of 55.85 inhabitants/km2, and is situated at an altitude of 575 meters. Antequera is the most populous city in the interior of the province and the largest in area. It is the twenty-second largest in Spain. The city is located 45 km from Málaga and 115 km from Córdoba. The cities are connected by a high speed train and the A-45 motorway. Antequera is 160 km from Seville and 102 km from Granada, which is connected by motorway A-92 and in the near future, by the high-speed Transverse Axis Rail.
Villanueva del Rosario is a town and municipality in the province of Málaga in the autonomous community of Andalusia in southern Spain. It is located off the motorway from Málaga to Granada and Seville.
Alhama de Granada is a town in the province of Granada, approx. 50 km from the city of Granada. In 1482, the fortress town was taken from the Moorish Sultanate and Kingdom of Granada by the Catholic Monarchs.
Ahama’s position between Málaga and Granada gave it strategic importance for the Moors but they also had a particular fondness for the town and its thermal waters. At a convenient distance from the town centre, nestling in a poplar grove lining down the banks of the river (also known as Merchan), you will find a hot springs. Prehistoric remains found in the neighbourhood show the antiquity of the human settlements.
There is also clear evidence of the way Romans used the waters. In the 15th century, the Arabs consolidated the town next to these hot springs and it was believed that they built the thermal baths there, but the real origin of those baths is Roman as is proved in the book by Salvador Raya Retamero, a local historian, in his book "Reseña histórica de los baños termales de la muy noble y leal ciudad de Alhama de Granada" (Brief history of the hot springs of the most noble and loyal city of Alhama de Granada). A short interview with the author explains the details. The strategic influence of Alhama de Granada made the fall, in 1492, of the Arab empire vital for the conquest of the Kingdom of Granada, which led to the beginning of a flourishing age, because of the patronage of the Catholic Monarchs. The bath house in the Almohade style of the 12th century that is preserved in the SPA is a good example of Arab baths’ construction.
Alhama looks out over some of Spain's most spectacular scenery. In winter, the view to the majestic snow-capped Sierra Nevada is uninterrupted. Close by is the vast and beautiful Bermejales lake, 12 km from town and reached by a road lined with poplars and Mediterranean black pines. There are sandy beaches, safe swimming and plenty of non-motorised water sports. There are also a couple of cafes at the edge of the lake. Many of the local population spend evenings and weekends barbecuing at the water's edge; it is a great location.
There are many quaint bars in Alhama which serve "cafés" and "tostadas" in the morning, lunch in the late afternoon, and tapas in the evening..
Escoznar is a town and village Spanish belonging to the municipality of Íllora, in the province of Granada, in the autonomous community of Andalusia. It is located in the Southeast part of the province of Loja.
According to the National Institute of statistics of Spain, in the year 2012 Escoznar was 943 inhabitants, of which 474 were women and 469 men.
Algarinejo is a small town located west of Granada; a rural farming town, it is surrounded by a stunning countryside of olive groves and mountains in the Cerro del Calvario.
Its uneven landscape offers a great variety of scenic views. The river Pesquera winds through Algarinejo and feeds the Iznájar reservoir close to the village.
Loja is a town in southern Spain situated at the western limit of the province of Granada. It is surrounded by the Sierra de Loja, of which the highest peak, Sierra Gorda, stands 1,671 metres above sea-level.
It is unknown when Loja was first captured by the Moors, however it is most likely in the 8th century. Its Moorish name was Medina Lawsa, and it was renamed to Loja when it was captured by the Christians in 1486, during the Reconquista. Isabella I of Castile called it the "flower among thorns".
Lucena (pop. c. 42,000) is a town in southern Spain, in the province of Cordoba, in Andalucia. It is located just 60 km southeast of Cordoba City and just 85km North of Malaga. It is the second major city in the province after the provincial capital .
Lucena is situated on the Lucena River, on an important crossroads at the very centre of Andalucia
Over 90 percent of the population lives to the northeast of the city district (término municipal).
In early times Lucena was inhabited almost exclusively by Jews who had arrived together with its founders; hence it was called "Jews' City", a nickname also applied to Granada and Tarragona. The Jews of Lucena, who carried on extensive trade and industries, were, according to the 11th century Moslem geographer, Mohamed al-Edrisi, richer than those of any other city. They enjoyed the same freedom as their coreligionists in the large Muslim cities. Their rabbi, who was elected by the entire community, was granted special privileges and acted as judge in the civil and criminal cases arising in the community. The Jews lived peaceably until the Almoravides came into power.
The stunning Town of Montefrio is located in the Granada province of southern Spain. The ruins of a Moorish castle sits near the highest point.
Being built midway between the Sierra de Priego and Sierra Parapanda, and commanding the open valley between these ranges, it became one of the chief frontier fortresses of the Moors in the 15th century.
The climate of Montefrío is a continental Mediterranean type. The economy is typically agrarian, with olives the main crop.
The relatively limited industry revolves around agricultural processing such as oil and dairy products. The population is reported as 6,688, with 3,337 men and 3,351 women.
Near the town is a vast archaeological site known as Las Peñas de los Gitanos, famous for its prehistoric tombs and remains of Roman and Visgothic settlements.
The Town of is located in the province of Jaen in Andalucía in Southern Spain.
It has a population of 24061 inhabitants, making Martos the fifth largest municipality in the province. The city is located on a western peak of the Sierra Jabalcuz mountain range. Its economy is based on agriculture, in particular the cultivation of the olive tree. Martos is considered to be the first producer of olive oil in the world.
The Town is steeped in history and has been linked to the Roman settlement of Colonia Augusta Gemella and starting in the 8th century was ruled by the Moors under various Islamic states for over 500 years. In 1225, King Ferdinand III of Castile and Leon captured the Town from the Moors and incorporated it into his kingdom.
Today Martos is quite a cosmopolitan Town as it has an old Town and a New Town. The Old town proudly still shows off its historic and traditional past whilst the new town has modern bars and restaurants there really is something for everyone.
Located less than an hour’s drive away from Granada and the airport Jaen city is a real must see for lovers of Andalucía. The city has an ancient and fascinating history and a castle that towers over its winding streets.
The best lookout point over this magnificent city is at the top of the Santa Catalina castle where you can look down on this charming provincial capital and as far as the eye can see there are olive groves. At this point also you can take in and enjoy the town’s architecture and monuments.