Montoro is a city and municipality in the Córdoba Province of southern Spain, in the north-central part of theautonomous community of Andalusia.
It is located about 45 kilometres (28 mi) east-northeast of the capital of the province, Córdoba. In 2008, the city had an estimated population of 9,895, with 4,897 men and 4,998 women.
Montoro was known as Epora in Roman times, and became an important Moorish fortress in the Middle Ages.
Linares is a city located in the Andalusian province of Jaén, Spain. It is considered the second most important city in that province and had a population of 62,347 in the most recent census. The altitude is 419 metres (1,375 feet) and the total area of the municipality is 195.15 square kilometres (75.35 sq mi). It is located on kilometer 120 on the Valencia-Córdoba highway (N-322) and is 51 kilometres (32 miles) from the capital, Jaén.
The city is well connected to the rest of Spain. The Autovia de Andalucia, NIV Madrid-Cádiz, is located 12 km (7 miles) to the west at Bailén. There is a railroad station at Linares-Baeza, with lines connecting Madrid and Cádiz, and Madrid-Granada-Almería.
Antequera is a city and municipality in the province of Málaga, part of the Spanish autonomous community of Andalusia. It is known as "the heart of Andalusia" (el corazón de Andalucía) because of its central location among Málaga, Granada, Córdoba, and Seville. It is noted for two large Bronze Age dolmens.
In 2011 it had 41,854 inhabitants. It covers an area of 749.34 km2 with a population density of 55.85 inhabitants/km2, and is situated at an altitude of 575 meters. Antequera is the most populous city in the interior of the province and the largest in area. It is the twenty-second largest in Spain. The city is located 45 km from Málaga and 115 km from Córdoba. The cities are connected by a high speed train and the A-45 motorway. Antequera is 160 km from Seville and 102 km from Granada, which is connected by motorway A-92 and in the near future, by the high-speed Transverse Axis Rail.
Villanueva del Rosario is a town and municipality in the province of Málaga in the autonomous community of Andalusia in southern Spain. It is located off the motorway from Málaga to Granada and Seville.
Yunquera is a town and municipality in the province of Málaga, part of the autonomous community of Andalucía in southern Spain. It is located in the east of the province. The municipality is situated approximately 36 kilometres from Ronda and 63 from the provincial capital of Málaga. It has a population of approximately 3300 residents. The natives are called Yunqueranos.
Yunquera is a traditional Spanish town with beautiful scenery and a relaxed atmosphere. While it is becoming more and more of a tourist spot, this quiet little town remains shrouded in history and totally self-reliant. The temperature in winter can drop to below 20 °C, and summers are easily in the high 40s in the shade. It is also the most elevated town in the province of Malaga.
Mollina is a town and municipality in the province of Málaga, part of the autonomous community of Andalusia in southern Spain. The municipality is situated approximately 16 kilometres from Antequera and 60 from the provincial capital of Málaga. The natives are Mollinatos. It has a population of approximately 4052 residents. There is a large British population in Mollina. There are three Mobile home sites, the largest being Saydo where every Wednesday there is an "English" market. Mollina is a wine growing area and produces wines and sherries.
Escoznar is a town and village Spanish belonging to the municipality of Íllora, in the province of Granada, in the autonomous community of Andalusia. It is located in the Southeast part of the province of Loja.
According to the National Institute of statistics of Spain, in the year 2012 Escoznar was 943 inhabitants, of which 474 were women and 469 men.
Colmenar is a lovely village nestled in the northern part of the Málaga mountains (Montes de Málaga) right on the edge of both the Axarquía and the municipality of Antequera. The area where the village is located has a rather ancient history thanks to the fact that it is on the route that links the Axarquía and the Guadalhorce Valley. However, the village itself could be classified as one of Andalucia’s "younger" pueblos as it wasn’t actually established until after the Christian King’s conquest and it didn’t become an independent township until 1777.
In fact, Colmenar was actually the name of an estate which produced honey (the Spanish “colmena” means beehive”). Even today you can buy honey made in the Colmenar area along with fresh locally milled flour – both white and whole grain - and also lovely raw and brown sugars. It seems the traditions behind the name "Colmenar" are still alive today.
Colmenar is not only a village, but also a municipality – one of seven municipalities in the Axarquía. The actual town is 700 metres above sea level. It is part of the "Olive Oil and Mountain Route" (Ruta del Aceite y los Montes).
The layout of Colmenar village is typical of Andalusian villages – even though it does not date back to the Moorish era when narrow, winding streets were the norm.
According to legend, the Candelaria Hermitage is a 17th century building that was erected by a group of sailors from the Canary Islands who were miraculously saved by a storm off the Málaga Coast. Supposedly the hermitage was meant to be a public display of their gratitude.
The Asunción Church was built in the 16th century and includes the remains of arab-style architecture.
Loja is a town in southern Spain situated at the western limit of the province of Granada. It is surrounded by the Sierra de Loja, of which the highest peak, Sierra Gorda, stands 1,671 metres above sea-level.
It is unknown when Loja was first captured by the Moors, however it is most likely in the 8th century. Its Moorish name was Medina Lawsa, and it was renamed to Loja when it was captured by the Christians in 1486, during the Reconquista. Isabella I of Castile called it the "flower among thorns".
Lucena (pop. c. 42,000) is a town in southern Spain, in the province of Cordoba, in Andalucia. It is located just 60 km southeast of Cordoba City and just 85km North of Malaga. It is the second major city in the province after the provincial capital .
Lucena is situated on the Lucena River, on an important crossroads at the very centre of Andalucia
Over 90 percent of the population lives to the northeast of the city district (término municipal).
In early times Lucena was inhabited almost exclusively by Jews who had arrived together with its founders; hence it was called "Jews' City", a nickname also applied to Granada and Tarragona. The Jews of Lucena, who carried on extensive trade and industries, were, according to the 11th century Moslem geographer, Mohamed al-Edrisi, richer than those of any other city. They enjoyed the same freedom as their coreligionists in the large Muslim cities. Their rabbi, who was elected by the entire community, was granted special privileges and acted as judge in the civil and criminal cases arising in the community. The Jews lived peaceably until the Almoravides came into power.